Resource Consumption in Additive Manufacturing with a PSS Approach

Research paper published at the  4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Tokyo, Japan, November 8th – 9th, 2012.


Since the 1980’s, additive manufacturing (AM) has gradually advanced from rapid prototyping applications towards fabricating end consumer products. Many small companies may prefer accessing AM technologies through service providers offering production services as result-oriented Industrial Product-Service System (IPSS) rather than investing in their own production line. This study investigated potential benefits of IPSS using system dynamics modeling to study resource demands between two situations: one where an IPSS approach is used and one that is the traditional ownership of production equipment. This study concluded that AM service providers with demand-varying customers could increase service performance and maximize use of production equipment.


  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Industrial Product-Service Systems
  • Resource Consumption


  • Nopparat, N., B. Kianian, A.W. Thompson, and T.C. Larsson. (2012). Resource Consumption in Additive Manufacturing with a PSS Approach, 4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product Service Systems, Nov 8-9, 2012, Tokyo, Japan. To appear in THE PHILOSOPHER’S STONE FOR SUSTAINABILITY, 2013, 357-362, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-32847-3_60.
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